Medical Title Definitions:
ARNP – Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner – These registered nurses have a Masters degree in Nursing, which includes clinical training in a health care specialty area. They are considered expert health care providers and work in tandem with medical doctors.
DO – Doctor of Osteopathy – After acquiring an undergraduate degree, a DO completes four years of basic medical education and two to six years of residency in a specialty area. They also must pass a state license exam. DOs practice a “whole person” approach to medicine, verses treating specific symptoms or illnesses. They also receive extra training in the musculoskeletal system and osteopathic manipulative treatment.
MD – Medical Doctor – To become an MD, a person must complete a prescribed course of studies in medicine at a medical school officially recognized by the country in which it is located. They must also acquire the requisite qualification for licensure in the practice of medicine
PA-C – Physician Assistant – This is a certified mid-level medical provider who works under the supervision of a licensed doctor (an MD) or osteopathic physician (a DO.) They must have at least a bachelor’s degree and complete a PA training program that is accredited by the national commission of Physician Assistants.
DPM – Doctor of Podiatric Medicine – A podiatrist is a physician that specializes in the evaluation and treatment of diseases of the foot. This requires a minimum of three years of college education and completion of the Medical College Admissions Test before being accepted to one of the seven colleges of Podiatric Medicine.
Hematology and Oncology – Provides medical treatment of conditions related to the blood and blood-forming organs. Examples of treatment include cancer therapy, leukemia treatment, and anemia treatment.
Internal Medicine – Provides long-term, comprehensive care and management of both common and complex illnesses of adult patients. Internists are also trained in the primary care of adults including prevention and wellness.
Obstetrics and Gynecology – Provides medical and surgical treatment of conditions relating to the female reproductive system and associated disorders. Serves as a consultant to other physicians as well as a primary physician for women.
Orthopaedics – Provides diagnosis, medical, and surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. This system includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. Examples of conditions include fractures, joint replacement, knee disorders and back problems.
Pediatrics – Provides care of children from birth to young adult. This encompasses a broad spectrum of health services ranging from preventative health care to the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases.